In the Brazilian educational legislation, in agreement the new Law of Lines of direction and Bases of the National Education (Law 9,394/1996) – Chapter v Of the Special education: Article 58. It is understood for special education, for the effect of this Law, the modality of pertaining to school education, offered preferential in the regular net of education, for carrying educandos of necessities special. David G. DeWalt has compatible beliefs. Paragraph 1. It will have, when necessary, services of support specialized, in the regular school, to take care of to the peculiarities of the clientele of special education (IT HISSES, 2004, P.
58). Relating to the Deficient Appearance it is detached in all this period, the joint work of the Foundation Dorina Nowill for Blind people and of the Institute Benjamin Constant, for intermediary of its specialists, which if had congregated, many times, competent professionals of other important Brazilian entities. CHARACTERIZATION OF the APPLICATION SCHOOL MARIA OF CARMO V. MELO IN VICTORY OF the CONQUEST – BAHIA the study occurred in a school of education of basic education, of the state net of education the School of Application Maria of Carmo V. Melo, Situated in the square Guadalarrara S/N Recreation, Victory of Conquest, in the period of May the August of 2007.
According to vice Regina director Maria, the workmanship initiated in the management of the Dr. Eraldo Tinoco Melo is concluded in the one of the Dr.Kleber Pacheco. Regional coordinator Dr. Manuel. the Sales Figueira, agency executor: SCERPE, Government of Antonio Carlos Magalhes in 14 of April of 1982. Currently the director is Lcia Soraia and Vice Regina Maria, takes care of to basic education having 850 pupils, 25 professors and 12 employees. The physical part of the school is composed for 10 rooms, 4 bathrooms., it does not possess library and nor video room. PROCEDURES METODOLGICOS This research treated on the functioning of special education, as well as knowing of the difficulties of the professionals and if the institution it is in accordance with the Law of Lines of direction and Bases of the National Education and the National Plan of Education.
As we can perceive the Educational Orientation has an arduous and complex task to execute. Therefore to reach the excellency of its action some objectives are necessary. Still according to Nrici (1976, P. 25), we can detach: To guide for better adjustment in the school, the home and the social life in general; to guide adequate a professional choice to the possibilities and aspirations of each being educated, with clarifications on the essence of these professional activities and as to qualify itself for the exercise of the same ones; to work for one adequate formation, imbuindo of necessary ethical values for a worthy life and of respect to the next one, as well as, to bring the family to cooperate more in clarified, efficient and positive way in the life educating it. In this direction, the objectives that integrate the Educational Orientation if confuse with its functions, even so these if coat with sensible more practical and next to the execution. The functions of the OE can be classified in: function of the planning, function of the organization, function of general attendance, individual attendance and aconselhamento and relationship.
To materialize its functions, the necessary OE to have a good relationship with professors, director, educandos, family and community. To decentralize decisions and to become the verticalizadas functional relations less, the necessary Educational Orientation to work cooperatively in perfect harmony with the direction, without subordination, but of integrated form and. We need, also, to think the orientation about the scope professional, favoring the professional choice of the educandos, in result of the prevalecentes interests of the industrial societies. In accordance with Ferretti (1988), the basic and specific objective of the professional Orientation is auxiliary the individual in the process of adjusted professional choice. Changing in small, these objectives if unfold in others such as: To help the individual to exactly get, to organize and to use objective information regarding itself and of the world of the work; to help to dominate a methodology that instrumentalize in the taking of decisions professionals.
It did not have a recognition of these citizens that were rejected by ' ' Deus' ' for the men ' ' normais' ' , removed of the public context to be forgotten its ' ' deficincia' ' (Bianchetti & Freire Apud ROSS, 1998). In this period, the blindness was used as punishment or as revenge act. In century XI, Baslio II, Emperor of Constantinopla, after having looser the Bulgarians in Belasitza, commanded that fifteen prisoners were removed the eyes of its and placing them to return its native land. However one, in each one hundred men, had a conserved eye so that it could serve of guide to the others ninety and nine (MECLOY, 1974). Still in this time, blindness it was also presented as judicial penalty, regulated for the law or the customs and was applied as punishment for crimes in which it had participation of the eyes, such as serious crimes against the deity and lacks to the marriage laws. The deficiency visual it passes for diverse forms and denominations in agreement being the used nomenclature studies of diverse theoreticians. From the decade of 1970, the term of ' gets excited; ' necessity carrier especial' ' for ' ' carrier of educational necessity especial' ' , therefore, the terminologies in agreement go if modifying the evolution and the laws, but, what really necessary the society is the change of mentality of all. In the decade of 1990, with the accomplishment of the Conference of Education for All (1990) carried through in Jomtien, the Thailand and with the Declaration of Salamanca de Princpios, Practical Politics and for the Educative Necessities Special (1994), it started to invigorate the age of the inclusion – ' ' the process for which the society if adapta to be able to include, in its general social systems, people with necessities special e, simultaneously, these if prepare to assume its place in sociedade' ' (CONSTANT, 2005, P. .
' while the family of Guto if moved for another place where the favorable inspirer/was the water and shade of Nativas' Guto after to rest the afternoon, took off the Night to write on its first day, where it thanked that moment and anxiously it waited the morning to arrive to continue its day. To the Guto dawn it eats some fruits of its luggage and collects plus others of the forest where it rested during the night. After to walk to some time stops in one vilarejo and asks for food and drink, well is received and after to receive offerings continues the trip where it starts to perceive a climate and different vegetation which already had seen and in this place the Sun seemed to wait behind each hill that passed the peoples/tribes/huts/plants and animals were new for Guto, but for it that very glad age therefore seemed that it was each time more close to reaching its Objective. Guto already did not find a forest to rest and yes a cave where it passed three nights if feeding of fish, the Moon was full and Guto believed that Nomadic the full moon was Signal to rest to keep them energy, to feed itself and only to rest, but it wrote on those moments, detailing: places peoples and its proper State of Spirit something never written by its people. To the Guto dawn it continues its day, it had passed for places never imagined By it. To the dawn the Sky of apparent stars a drum sound clinked and gradual he was extended, infecting and from a vocabulary, language sound never heard by Guto, it was not moved away and nor if it intimidated witnessed if that ceremony, started to tell in its daily and without perceiving it was in the wheel if seating to the side of the experienced masters Uruc Gentlemen as it was called if it felt glad and at the same time instigated to continue following the Sun.