Someone from the particularly evil emperors of the pagan sentenced Dimitri of Thessalonica to death. It happened in the second city of the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople – Thessalonica, Dmitri therefore became known as Thessaloniki. According to legend, the saint saved the city from the pagan Slavs at the turn of VI-VII centuries and thus became the most popular in Thessalonica. Not particularly clear how martyr could turn into a saint-warrior. At the same time created a mosaic of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral, the chronicler Nestor in "The Tale of Bygone Years" has been recorded on St.
Dimitri, from which we can learn that Demetrius of Thessalonica supports the Russian princes. Is likely this was taken to prestige, raise prestige Dukes. From this we can conclude that the saint is initially XII was known and revered in Russia. Many Russian princes named in honor of St. Dimitri of his firstborn (Yaroslav the Wise, Yuri Dolgoruky, Alexander Nevsky), and in the future – and the Russian tsars (Ivan III, Ivan the Terrible, Alexis). This proves once again that Demetrius of Thessalonica was particularly revered in Russia.
Eight centuries have lived happily and peacefully mosaic of St. Dimitri of Thessalonica, while in 1917 the men's St. Michael's Monastery was not upraznen. In 1935, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael had decided to blow it up. VA Frolov, professor, was able, while preparing for an explosion, move a few mosaics of the cathedral on a cement foundation in the iron frame and gave the mosaic in the Kiev Museum of Russian Art. In 1938, the mosaic handed the Tretyakov Gallery, the documents of the Kiev Museum of Russian Art was to replace the picture of Ukrainian artists. In 1997-1998, St. Michael's Cathedral was rebuilt. To restore the building St. Michael's Cathedral to attract the best creative forces from all over Ukraine. The maintenance of the temple furnishings have survived two plates with a relief depicting the mysterious galloping horsemen. The rest of modern interior decoration taken from the museum (in the style of wooden iconostasis Baroque), or performed by Ukrainian artists and paintings are subject to the canons of ancient temple art. Material: Limestone soil, smalt, brick, colored stone. 223 x 132.5 Location: The State Tretyakov Gallery. Inv. 25532 mosaic mural and mosaic.