Life is a project, we are all projects. Jose Antonio Pantoja, academic Director of the Master in integrated management of projects of building of the school technical top of architecture (UPM), answers to this question from an article on the website of the AEDIP. In order to clarify the scope and conceptual content of what it is and means the comprehensive and Project Management function is convenient to begin with a definition of terms. The inglesa-americana Word management has a wider than management meaning, your translation we focus on one direction, with executive leadership, which efficiently, optimizing limited resources that have, ensures the achievement of the objectives. Project is the combination of human and non-human resources gathered in a temporary organization to achieve a particular purpose (David Clecland and William King) in his work systems analysis and Project Management.
Projects are complex systems, dynamic and temporary, consisting of multidisciplinary activities and resources. This dynamism produces a shift accelerated in the events that, in general, is fanned by interactions and influences that environment produces in the subsystems of the project. Thus the main challenge with the project manager faces is precisely the management of accelerating change, relied on the knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of the project and the study of the advantages and risks of the environment threats. To mid-20th century was created the theory of systems. The systemic notion gave an effective response to the phenomenon of accelerated change of events. Increasingly, more change occurs in less time. This philosophy has a perfect translation in theories of Taylor and Fayol scientific organization of labour, which both have influenced management techniques.
Are based on the principle of dividing the work in its basic activities to study in detail and later relate them, studying their interactions, both among them and with their environment, to determine the most effective way to perform any complex activity. Construction is one of the most reluctant activities to evolve with the passing of time; its development is slow, since the invention of the bricks by the Chaldeans, until well into the 20th century, major changes do not occur. To stress the advances that get realizations of importance such as arches, vaults and domes. And only, at the end of the 19th century, with the invention of steel, concrete, reinforced and prestressed concrete, along with the development of theories and calculation methods give rise to a revolution. Perhaps, the demand from the greater prominence of your investment properties, to ultimately benefit, is causing a new revolution which began in the 1960s to extend the management applications to construction. In Spain introduction came from the hand of the efforts of people like Rafael de Heredia Scasso (died in the summer of 2004) in the 1970s, following the dominant theories of management, I apply these disciplines in the field of project management.